Internet

oee exoo WWW peo peoooy oey cooa Internet. Wold Wide Web (WWW) - oea cpo papacaac opaoa exoo Internet. ceo a ooa oeco WWW-cepepo pe yeoc o 3000 o 10000. "eee ay" pooaec, eeeo oc oe xpaa ax, coepae: paoopaey opa. WWW oepae aop caapo, oox ooae oy ocy opao pecypca Internet. eo ocoeoc Web c epecoe cpeca, c oo oopx oo e cox ay oya ocy opa, axoec a pyo oe cea. epe "ay" cee 1989 oy epe, European particle physics laboratory o pyooco a epepc-. WWW aya a eoc p, oopo opa x coo eoocya a x ax oepo, o cpae, c cooae caapoax popa. WWW - ooe cpeco aecoo eca, oeco a, oxc e epox epc, ocoo pace. epece o a, o oe o oo pa oax cee, oa ooae a cye oc oaae pe pao pee "on-line", WWW ec ee coooy cepcy, oepaeoy pea oxoa.

a exoo, ooea a poopyee aca epe oepaoo cce Windows 95, peope a c cop ycp, ceae Internet a e p cpeco oe, a eeo.

Internet - o oaa oepa ce. oee opao o acpoao opeee Internet, oopoe o ao eepa coeo o opao ce (Federal Networking Council) 24 op 1995 .: "Internet - oaa opaoa ccea, ac oopo oec aoca py c pyo ocpeco yaoo apecoo pocpaca, ocoaoo a poooe Internet Protocol (IP) eo oceyx pacpex, cocoa oepa c c cooae oeca poooo Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP/ IP), x oceyx pacpe pyx IP-coecx poooo, oopa oeceae, coye eae ocy, yo ac opao, oyao cepc cooo ypo". py coa, Internet - o aoc cee, apyxc a eo oyaoo poooe - TCP/IP.

c a Internet cope c o pe ooae, o o pecae a oaoe cpeco oea opae, a ea "opaoa cyepacpa". a, c oo copo, ae ooae oooc oac ey coo, coaa pyae cooeca, a c pyo - cooa axoyc Internet opa peca ee py. eo ooee opeee oo oa ooe: Internet - o epce cpye eca.

ce opeee Internet oa co coca ac, aa oopx oe p y, eoxox, o oe ooae o e ocooo pya yooo a peex exoo oy ocy o ce oooc oo pepacoo cpeca.

ocy epe. coo ocya Internet ec oep co ce paac ey cea oopyoae (oe, ceee ap ..). oe axoc oa oce p.

ocy Internet, oop peocaec opaa, aae poaepa ycy Internet (Internet Service Provider - ISP), ooae oe oy oa, coy oe oca ye oe oao ce opaa.

oe poaepy ycy Internet oy cooac oe eeoe , aee ce eee, paoaa c cyoa c. poaep oo ee oo ecoo oe acpa aaa (backbones) py ce, oope opay ay "poeocy ccey" ce Internet.

pa Internet ooo paca - o oep, oe Internet, ye oo ca ee ac, y e oee o oocc oao ce pep, eeo xo Internet.

Web-cepep, a oopx pacoaac opaoe pecypc, oy axoc o ac Internet: y poaepa, oao ce pep ..; oo coac aoe ycoe - o o oe Internet, o ooae ce o oy ocy eo cepca. aece cepco oy cya epoa oa, FTP, WWW p.

opaoo cocae cepco c cae paoopae co. o oy , opa c acox po, ooc, oopa, pae o .. epc cooyoc c x opaoo cocae c o ao e, oopo cpec ooae, oopo o oca ocpeco oe ce Internet.

oc ce epe. cceoae peo cpyyp oapo cpyyp pa ocoaec a cope opa, pecaeo a Web-cepepax oa c ee oceye opaoo eoa, pee p paox apeox cceoax, a ae a cope aae oyoao Internet opa. o ooe Internet ocoo aae ec oc Web-cepepo p opa oace, pecax apeo epec p, pooe apeooe cceoae. aece eoo axoe eoxoo opa pa oo e ceyee:

  • oc opa c cooae ocox a (Rambler, Aport, Yandex, Yahoo, Hotbot p.). ocoe a c e cocoo oca opa, ocoy coepa ec oca Web-cepepo Internet. c, c oo copo, ococo, c pyo copo - o eocao, ocoy a o apoc a oo a ooe oeco opa, cpe oopo oo eoa ac ec oeo, peyec ae oe pee ee ee opao;
  • oc Web-aaoax. a ocoe a, aao coyc ocee Internet oca eoxoo opa. aao pecae coo epapxec opaoay cpyypy, oopy opa aocc o ae ooaee, ooy oe opa aaoax opae oe cy aece oo opax oe aeeo oca opa;
  • cooae "ex cpa". "ee cpa" (Yellow Pages) - aao poo pacpocpaex a aae eeox cpaoo. a "ex cpaax" oo oeaec paa opa o e eca oa, ee oo, oa-e cpa oa opa o oopaax p. aap cepc ae aae eca, oepa eeoo aca, apec epoo o, a ae cc a Web-cpa p Internet, ec o cyecy. a opao, "ee cpa" oy cy xopo cxo yo oca p, aaxc opeee o oepeco eeoc;
  • oc c cooae eaecx Web-cepepo. paec o oac a Internet cyecy cepep (Jump Station), coepae oe epecox cco a opaoe pecypc o ao oac. ae cepep oo coepa ooe oeco cco coyc aece opax oe oca opa o opeeeo ee;
  • oc o cca, pacooe a Web-cpaax. Internet poo pacpocpaea paa oea cca ey cepepa, oopa oo pocxo a aooo ocoe ey apepa o ecy oe cy ocoo oceoaeo aa Internet c e oca eoxoo opa.


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